Internal Revenue Service
WASHINGTON — As millions of people begin filing their tax returns, the IRS is taking the time to clear up misunderstandings regarding tax refunds.
Myth 1: All Refunds Are Delayed
While more than 90 percent of federal tax refunds are issued in the normal timeframe — less than 21 days — it is true some refunds may be delayed. But not all of them.
Recent legislation requires the IRS to hold refunds for tax returns claiming the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) or the Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC) until mid-February.
Other returns may require additional review for a variety of reasons and take longer. For example, the IRS, along with its partners in the states’ and the nation’s tax industry, continue to strengthen security reviews to protect against identity theft and refund fraud. The IRS encourages taxpayers to file as they normally would.
Myth 2: Calling the IRS or My Tax Professional Will Provide a Better Refund Date
Many people think that talking to the IRS or calling their tax professional is the best way to find out when they will get their refund. In reality, the best way to check the status of a refund is online through the “Where’s My Refund?” tool at IRS.gov or via the IRS2Go mobile app.
“Where’s My Refund” has the same information available to IRS telephone assistors so there is no need to call unless requested to do so by the refund tool.
Myth 3: Ordering a Tax Transcript a “Secret Way” to Get a Refund Date
Ordering a tax transcript will not help taxpayers find out when they will get their refund. The information on a transcript does not necessarily reflect the amount or timing of a refund. While taxpayers can use a transcript to validate past income and tax filing status for mortgage, student and small-business loan applications, and to help with tax preparation, they should use “Where’s My Refund?” to check the status of their refund.
Myth 4: “Where’s My Refund?” Must be Wrong Because There’s No Deposit Date Yet
“Where’s My Refund?” will be updated with projected deposit dates for early EITC and ACTC refund filers a few days after Feb. 15. Taxpayers claiming EITC or ACTC will not see a refund date on “Where’s My Refund?” or through their software package until then. The IRS, tax preparers and tax software will not have additional information on refund dates.
The IRS cautions taxpayers that these refunds likely will not start arriving in bank accounts or on debit cards until the week of Feb. 27 — if there are no processing issues with the tax return and the taxpayer chose direct deposit.
Taxpayers who have filed early, but are claiming EITC or ACTC, should not expect their refund until the week of Feb. 27. President’s Day weekend may impact when they get their refund since many financial institutions do not process payments on weekends or holidays.
See the What to Expect for Refunds in 2017 page and the Refunds FAQs page for more information.
Myth 5: Delayed Refunds, those Claiming EITC and/or ACTC, will be Delivered on Feb. 15
By law, the IRS cannot issue refunds before Feb. 15 for any tax return claiming the EITC or ACTC. The IRS must hold the entire refund, not just the part related to the EITC or ACTC. The IRS will begin to release these refunds starting Feb. 15.
These refunds likely won’t arrive in bank accounts or on debit cards until the week of Feb. 27.
More Information About “Where’s My Refund?”
“Where’s My Refund?” can be checked within 24 hours after the IRS has received an e-filed return or four weeks after receipt of a mailed paper return. “Where’s My Refund?” has a tracker that displays progress through three stages:
- Return Received
- Refund Approved
- Refund Sent.
Users who access “Where’s My Refund?” must have information from their current, pending tax return to access their refund information. The IRS reminds taxpayers claiming the EITC or the ACTC that recent legislation requires the IRS to hold those refunds until mid-February. Keep in mind that only a small percentage of total filers will fall into this situation. The change helps ensure that taxpayers get the refund they are owed by giving the IRS more time to help detect and prevent tax fraud.
The IRS continues to strongly encourage the use of e-file and direct deposit as the fastest and safest way to file an accurate return and receive a tax refund. More than four out of five tax returns are expected to be filed electronically, with a similar proportion of refunds issued through direct deposit.
Help for Taxpayers
Taxpayers have options to get help filing and preparing their tax return on IRS.gov. Taxpayers may also be eligible to receive help from a community volunteer. Go to IRS.gov and click on the “Filing” tab for more information.
Seventy percent of taxpayers are eligible for IRS Free File. Commercial IRS partners offer free brand-name software to about 100 million individuals and families with incomes of $64,000 or less.
Online fillable forms provide electronic versions of IRS paper forms to all taxpayers regardless of income that can be prepared and filed by people comfortable with completing their own returns.
Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) and Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) offer free help to people who qualify. Go to irs.gov and enter “free tax prep” in the search box to learn more and find a nearby VITA or TCE site, or download the IRS2Go smartphone app to find a free tax prep provider.
A trusted tax professional can also provide helpful information and advice about the ever-changing tax code. Tips for choosing a return preparer and details about national tax professional groups are available on IRS.gov.